# ONMIPA-PT; responding to the last post: locating Indonesian mathematics student in the global mathematical society

Hello everybody. Well, responding to my last issue of Indonesian mathematical society (of which I’ve posted in Bahasa Indonesia), I would like to share my last 2 days experience. Yesterday and today, 30-31 April 2012; yes, the last two days on April; I was attending a regional mathematics competition, namely ONMIPA-PT (Olimpiade Nasional Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Perguruan Tinggi); or in English: Collegiate Olympiad in Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Well, you should be familiar with high-school olympiad, such as IMO (mathematics), IBO (biology), IOI (computing), etc. Then ONMIPA-PT should be one of these stuffs, in which the participants are the undergraduate. A little information about ONMIPA-PT you should know. In Indonesia, we do not find many mathematics competition held for undergraduate. However, ONMIPA-PT should be the one of the most prestigious mathematics & natural science competition for undergraduate, since the program is held by Indonesian National Ministry of Education. As long as I know, among many other competitions in Indonesia, ONMIPA-PT has the best quality of the problems presented in the contest. That’s my short introduction to ONMIPA-PT. Well then, in this opportunity, I was attending the west java regional selection of ONMIPA-PT, in order to get to the national selection which will be held in May.

The main idea which I would like to discuss, is the material of the tests. The tests themselves consist of 5 section: real analysis, combinatorics, complex analysis, abstract algebra, and linear algebra. Although (as I’ve mentioned above) ONMIPA-PT has the best quality of the problems, I’ve found some problems there are equivalent to our regular mid term test problem in ITB. I don’t know, but I think that the difficulty of ONMIPA should be much much higher than regular mid term test problem. I would like to discuss to everyone about how is the quality of the problems? Are they too easy, or too difficult, or just so so? I really appreciate any opinion about my issues. Below I present you 1 problem of each section, in which I consider the most difficult among other problems.

**Real Analysis**

Given a real-valued function is differentiable on . Show that for each ;WLOG, , there is such that .

**Combinatorics**

Given any 7 different real numbers. Show that there are always 2 of them, namely and such that .

**Complex Analysis**

Given is a complex-valued function. and its conjugate are analytic in a connected domain. Show that must be constant.

**Abstract Algebra**

Let be any set having an associative multiplication operation. Suppose there is an element enjoying the following properties:

- For each
- For each there always such that

Show that is a group.

**Linear Algebra**

Let with . The value of is defined as follows: if or ; if or . Calculate the determinant of .

Well, those are the problems of last 2 day’s ONMIPA-PT. Any comment about the difficulty level of the problem is extremely welcome!

WOW! What a sensational event!